Gibran Cruz Martínez

Email: gibran.cruz [at]
Teléfono: (+34) 916022463
Despacho: 3D17
Contratado Juan de la Cierva
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos
Departamento de Economía y Política
Grupo: Políticas Sociales y Estado de Bienestar (POSEB)

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Gibrán Cruz-Martínez is a Juan de la Cierva Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute of Public Goods and Policies, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and a Research Associate at the Chilean Institute of Municipal Studies, Universidad Autónoma de Chile. Before joining IPP-CSIC, he was affiliated to the University of Agder (Norway), and the Institute of the Americas, University College London (United Kingdom). He holds a PhD in Political Science from the Universidad Complutense (Spain). His work broadly speaking focuses on the development of emerging welfare states in Latin America and the Caribbean and its relationship to multidimensional poverty and inequality. In addition, his research interests include welfare regimes and social risks in marginalised communities, targeting versus universalism in social protection, and basic universal social pensions in low- and middle-income countries.

Gibrán is the author of several peer-reviewed articles in journals such as Social Indicators Research, Bulletin of Latin American Research, Ageing International, Brazilian Journal of Latin American Studies, Política y Sociedad, and Relaciones Internacionales. His most recent publication is an open access book entitled ‘Produciendo Bienestar: Una mirada desde las comunidades marginadas en Puerto Rico’ (Dykinson, 2017). He has been a visiting researcher or fellow at the University of Oxford (United Kingdom), Lund University (Sweden), Centre for Social Research (Puerto Rico), the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty at the University of Bergen (Norway), and the Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of London (United Kingdom). He is also a member of the Editorial Board of Alternautas – an open access blog and Journal on Latin American critical development studies.


Research areas:

  • Comparative social policy
  • Social protection for development
  • Explanatory factors of welfare state development
  • Multidimensional poverty
  • Alternative actors in welfare-regimes
  • Social pensions
  • Latin America and the Caribbean


Recent publications

Journals (peer-reviewed)

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2018) A Bottom-up picture of intra-national welfare regimes: the case of marginalised communities in Puerto Rico. Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. DOI: 10.1080/21699763.2018.1526696

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2017) Revenue-Generating Potential of Taxation for Older-Age Social Pensions. Ageing International. DOI: 10.1007/s12126-017-9298-2

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2017) Is there a common path that could have conditioned the degree of welfare state development in Latin America and the Caribbean? Economic and Political Conditions during the 1940’s-1970’s. Bulletin of Latin American Research. DOI: 10.1111/blar.12556

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2017) Welfare State Development, Individual Deprivations and Income Inequality: A time series crosssection analysis in Latin America (2000-2010). Social Indicators Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-016-1465-4

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2016) Going Beyond Aggregated Measures in the Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: The Effective Coverage of Benefits and Beneficiaries. Cadernos PROLAM/ Brazilian Journal of Latin American Studies, Volume14, Issue 27, pp. 102-115.

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2015) Esfuerzo de bienestar y Pobreza desde el enfoque monetarista y de capacidades: Análisis trasnacional en América Latina y el Caribe (1990-2010). Política y Sociedad, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 631-659. DOI:

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2015) Balance Alternativo de Indicadores de Pobreza en los ODM para América Latina y el Caribe: ¿Medir el Éxito como Aceleración del Progreso o Consecución de las Metas? Relaciones Internacionales, 28, Febrero 2015, pp 11-36. 

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2014) Welfare State Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (1970’s-2000’s)- Multidimensional Welfare Index, its methodology and results. Social Indicators Research, December 2014, Volume 119, Issue 3, pp 1295-1317. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0549-7


Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2017) Produciendo Bienestar: Una mirada desde las comunidades marginadas en Puerto Rico. Editorial Dykinson, ISBN: 978-84-9148-378-6. (OPEN ACCESS)

Special Issues

Cruz-Marínez, Gibrán, Fernández-Arrigoitia, Melissa, Ortiz Camacho, Janialy, & Román-Velazquez, Patria (2018) The Making of Caribbean Not-so-Natural Disasters. Alternautas, Vol 5, Issue 2. 

Policy Papers

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2016) Means Testing vs. Universal Targeting: Assumptions of Efficiency and Affordability. Pension watch briefing 15, HelpAge International. 

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2016) What is the cost of a basic universal social pension for Latin America and the Caribbean. The Latin American Diaries. 

Cruz-Martínez, Gibrán (2015) The Explanatory Power of the Welfare State Development on Poverty and Inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean. 28, CROP Poverty Brief Series. 

Other publications, Podcasts and Media Appeareances


Cruz-Martínez, G., H. Vrana, & G. Goodwin. The Radical Americas Podcast, Episode 005.

Cruz-Martínez, G. Visualising Poverty Research | Interview with Gibrán Cruz-Martínez. Comparative Research Programme on Poverty, University of Bergen (Norway)

Cruz-Martínez, G., P. Roman, M. Fernández Arrigoitia and J. Ortiz Camacho. Hurricane Maria: Puerto Rico's Not-So-Natural Disaster. Roundtable in the Caribbean Series Seminar at UCL Institute of the Americas


Cruz-Martínez, G.  “The end of colonialism in Puerto Rico? Evaluating the options in the 2017 political status referendum”. LSE Latin American Centre

Cruz-Martínez, G. “Will Puerto Rico Require Substantial Debt Forgiveness?”. Forbes. Q&A piece by Nathaniel Parish Flannery

Cruz-Martínez, G. “Puerto Rico needs relief from bondholders, foreign aid and quick US relief package”. Sputnik Radio. Interview.

Cruz-Martínez, G. “Will Puerto Rico Find A Way To Survive Its Debt Crisis?”. Forbes. Q&A piece by Nathaniel Parish Flannery

Cruz-Martínez, G. “You're Not Welcome: US Congress Ignores Puerto Rican Vote In Favor of Statehood”. Sputnik Radio. Interview.


Cruz-Martínez, G. Book Review: “Política Comparada, Manuel Sánchez de Dios, Madrid: Editorial Síntesis, 2012, 322 p. ISBN: 9788499589411, 22,50 €”. Revista de Investigaciones Políticas y Sociológicas, 2014 Vol.13 No.2


Cruz-Martínez, G. “Del Welfare al Estado de Bienestar Universal”. San Juan: Dialogo Digital.


Cruz-Martínez, G.  “Urge la Necesidad de Reformar el Estado de  Bienestar”. San Juan: Dialogo Digital.