Documentos de trabajo » 2010

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Diciembre 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-19
Autores: 

Luis Moreno

Después de la crisis financiera desencadenada en 2008, los Estados del Bienestar europeos encaran el reto de renovar el pacto entre bienestar social y progreso económico, responsable de la satisfacción vital de los europeos y la cohesión de sus sociedades. La resistencia del EB español frente a las presiones a favor del recorte de las políticas sociales, características del paradigma capitalista anglosajón, es dudosa. En este capítulo se examinan conceptualmente el significado y el alcance de las reformas de las políticas sociales mediante el recurso a la tríada analítica de las tres íes:...

Noviembre 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-18
Autores: 

Alejandro Caparrós & David Zilberman

We set out a general framework to discuss carbon sequestration programs when different alternatives are available and each of them yields sequestration benefits far into the future and at varying rates. We focus on reforestations, since trees grow for a long time, at varying rates, and different types of species yield completely different sequestration rates. We show that the Social Planner (and the landowner) will continuously change the species used for the reforestations and that the trend is to use slower and slower growing species as the land available for reforestations becomes...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-17
Autores: 

Alejandro Caparrós & Jean-Cristophe Péreau

This paper studies the role of bargaining power in coalition formation when two groups of substantially different agents negotiate over a public good with positive or negative spillovers. Both types of agent are allowed to form coalitions before the negotiations start. The forming of coalitions does or does not increase bargaining power, depending on the type of public good and the impact on the agents not participating in the equilibrium agreements. After analyzing the general game we apply it to North-South negotiations. For a public good with positive spillovers, such as climate change...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-16
Autores: 

Jose L. Oviedo, Pablo Campos & Alejandro Caparrós

While applied national accounts are based on market costs and outputs, non-market valuation techniques yield estimates for consumer or Hicksian surplus. To integrate non-market values in national accounts we propose the Simulated Exchange Value method, which simulates the whole market (demand and cost functions) to obtain exchange values. We focus on forest public recreational services because they are relatively close to markets and have been frequently valued using non-market valuation techniques. We apply this method to the public visitor recreational services of the woodlands of...

Octubre 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-15
Autores: 

David Encaoua, Dominique Guellec & Catalina Martínez

La teoría económica, al considerar que las patentes son instrumentos de política pública para fomentar la innovación y la difusión de la tecnología, conduce principalmente a tres conclusiones. En primer lugar, las patentes no tienen por qué ser siempre el medio de protección más eficaz para que los inventores recuperen sus inversiones en I+D, sobre todo cuando la imitación es costosa y ser el primero en lanzar un producto al mercado genera ganancias importantes. En segundo lugar, los requisitos de novedad y altura inventiva para la concesión de patentes deberían aplicarse de forma estricta...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-14
Autores: 

Koen Jonkers & Laura Cruz Castro

This paper analyses the emergence of public sector international joint laboratories as an increasingly important new phenomenon in the internationalisation of public sector research. Using a survey and interview-based qualitative methodology, it explores the trends in the establishment of such labs, the aims for which they are established and the extent to which these aims are met. We find a considerable degree of organisational diversity among them in terms of size, structure, resources and legal status. Since the French...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-13
Autores: 

Zaida Chinchilla-Rodríguez, Elena Corera-Álvarez, Félix De Moya-Anegón & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar los resultados de investigación atribuidos a España en las bases de datos internacionales hasta 2008. Se compara la evolución entre los totales de publicaciones recogidas en la WoS y en Scopus, y se posiciona a España con relación a otros países; también se analizan algunos aspectos relativos a su especialización temática, visibilidad relativa de los diversos sectores institucionales y diferenciación de las Comunidades Autónomas.

Septiembre 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-12
Autores: 

Vincenzo Pavone & Flor Arias

In the last decade, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis and screening (PGD; PGS) have become widely used in IVF treatments: in 2005 nearly 6000 PGD/PGS (5 per cent of all IVF cycles) had been performed in Europe. The diffusion of these technologies, however, is not homogenous; whilst in some countries PGD is prohibited and in others is hardly implemented, Spain performs 33 per cent of all the PGD/PGS (ESHRE 2007). While policy guidelines and mainstream bioethics addresses PGD from a patient choice perspective (ten Have 2001, Zeiler 2004, ESHRE 2005), disability studies insist on PGD’s...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-11
Autores: 

Vincenzo Pavone, Joanna Goven & Riccardo Guarino

Purpose: Over the past twenty years, GMOs have raised enormous expectations, passionate political controversies, and an on-going debate on how should these technologies be assessed. Current risk-assessment procedures generally assess GMOs in terms of their potential risk of negatively affecting human health and the environment. Yet, is this risk-benefit approach appropriate to a deliver a robust assessment of GMOs? In this paper, we question the validity of current risk-assessment from both a social and an ecological perspective, and we elaborate an alternative approach, namely in-context...

Agosto 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-10
Autores: 

Carmen Osuna, Laura Cruz Castro & Luis Sanz Menéndez

In 1989 the Spanish Government established an individual retrospective research evaluation system (RES) for public researchers. This system was voluntary but involved the incentive of a permanent salary bonus. Policy makers have associated the establishment of this evaluation system with the signifi cant increase in the volume of scientifi c publications attributed to Spain over the last decades. In a similar vein to the analyses of other country cases, some scholars have also claimed that the growth of Spain’s international scientifi c publications is a result...

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