Documentos de trabajo

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Septiembre 2005

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-08
Autores: 

Luis Moreno

Europeanization can be regarded as a process that finds expression in the gradual redefinition of state sovereignty and the development of supranational common institutions (e.g. Agreement of Schengen, Court of Justice, Euro currency). In parallel, territorial subsidiarity seeks to provide for a greater sub-state say in areas of social policy-making often linked to cultural or identity considerations. This paper deals with welfare development in the European social model in contemporary times. While a paradigm shift in macro-economic policies has allowed for monetary centralisation and a...

Junio 2005

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-07
Autores: 

Laura Cruz-Castro & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

Labour markets for research are changing and the traditional segmentation model of the research labour market where the doctorate was mainly valuable in the academic sector is loosing ground. The paper studies a sample of PhDs and their corresponding employing firms to analyse patterns of mobility, economic returns, and innovation outputs. Qualitative and quantitative indicators are combined to tackle two sets of general questions: The first relates to the incentives for doctorate holders to pursue a company career versus an academic career. The second concerns...

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-06
Autores: 

Francisco Javier Moreno Fuentes

The underground economy represents a significant percentage of the Spanish economy, and the employment of undocumented migrants constitutes a large share of its supply of labour. This fact has functioned as an important pulling effect for the arrival of migrants into Spain over the last two decades, but especially during the last five years. Within their general strategy to fight against the underground economy, Spanish authorities have periodically used regularisation of undocumented migrants as a mechanism for emerging the irregular employment. In this vein, a...

Mayo 2005

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-05
Autores: 

Luis Moreno & Nicola McEwen

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-04
Autores: 

Francisco Herreros

In modern political science, repeated elections are considered as the main mechanism of electoral accountability in democracies. More rarely, elections are considered as ways to select “good types” of politicians. In this article it is argued that historical republican authors interpreted elections in this last sense. They view elections as a means to select what they often called the “natural aristocracy”, virtuous political leaders that would pursue the common good. This argument is presented in three steps. First, it is claimed that republican authors did not...

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-03
Autores: 

Eloísa del Pino

En los últimos años parece que las presiones para la reforma del Estado de Bienestar están siendo más insistentes que una opinión pública hasta ahora opuesta a cualquier tipo de recorte de los programas sociales. Algunos estudios sugieren que los gobiernos parecen haber aprendido como esquivar la resistencia de los ciudadanos a las reformas aprovechando un supuesto cambio en sus actitudes durante los últimos años. Con esta hipótesis de cambio en las actitudes ciudadanas se exploran en este trabajo las preferencias de los españoles hacia el proceso y los...

Febrero 2005

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-02
Autores: 

Luis Moreno

At the beginning of the 21 st century, national state identities are openly questioned and have become problematic. While being corroded by the forces of globalization they are also subject to fragmentation, competition and overlapping elements of a multiple and diverse nature. In parallel, there is a noticeable strengthening of sub- and supra-state identities. The revival of ethnoterritorial identities has coincided with an increasing challenge to the centralist model of the unitary state. In plural polities,...

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-01
Autores: 

Inés Calzada

Diciembre 2004

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2004-15
Autores: 

Clara E. García & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

Research quality is the cornerstone of modern science, it aids in the understanding of reputational differences among scientific and academic institutions. Traditionally, scientific activity is measured by a set of indicators and well-established bibliometric techniques bases on the number of academic papers published in top-ranked journals or on the number of citations of these papers. These indicators are usually critical in measuring differences in research performance, both at individual and at scientific institutional levels. In this paper, we introduce an...

Imagen del Documento
Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2004-14
Autores: 

Laura Cruz-Castro & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

This article analyses a government policy initiative that aimed to increase the number of researchers in the public research sector working in conditions equivalent to the tenure track, and to cope with the problems of employability, stabilisation and working conditions of PhDs. The paper describes the situation of science and technology (S&T) human resources in the context of Spanish research policy and explains the mechanisms by which policy-makers link problems and solutions in the context of a policy sequence, by analysing a case that deals with Spain’s...

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