Documentos de trabajo

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Octubre 2005

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-11
Autores: 

Pilar Rico-Castro

The aim of this paper is to show how the regional technology policy of the Basque Country has had a strong effect on mapping out the population of R&D organisations, through changing the environmental conditions of previously existing research organisations as well as creating new organisational actors. This research seeks to contribute the debates on the growing importance of Regional research systems, the organisational adaptation to multi actor governance, and the blurring organisational boundaries between public and private spheres of R&D centres. The paper analyses the changes...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-10
Autores: 

Luis Sanz Menéndez & Laura Cruz Castro

There is simultaneous trend of regionalisation and decentralization in Europe, a trend that has also affected the science and technology policy domain, with an open debate on the functioning of the multilevel governance system. Regional authorities have become directly involved in the design and implementation of regional S&T policies, however the interventions of sub-national governments are much more diverse than the prevailing view about the convergence of regional policies towards innovation policies might imply. This article describes science,...

Septiembre 2005

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-09
Autores: 

Alessandro Gentile

La flexibilidad fragmenta el trabajo y lo vuelve precario, individualiza la relación salarial, desestructura el conjunto de certezas (en la forma de recursos, tutelas y derechos) que antes garantizaban la inclusión social del ciudadano-trabajador. Aunque el trabajo siga jugando un papel fundamental en la existencia de cada uno, sin embargo la alteración de sus caracteres tradicionales está frustrando y debilitando la existencia misma de muchas personas. La amplia distribución del fenómeno en las sociedades europeas nos convence que la precariedad laboral ya...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-08
Autores: 

Luis Moreno

Europeanization can be regarded as a process that finds expression in the gradual redefinition of state sovereignty and the development of supranational common institutions (e.g. Agreement of Schengen, Court of Justice, Euro currency). In parallel, territorial subsidiarity seeks to provide for a greater sub-state say in areas of social policy-making often linked to cultural or identity considerations. This paper deals with welfare development in the European social model in contemporary times. While a paradigm shift in macro-economic policies has allowed for monetary centralisation and a...

Junio 2005

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-07
Autores: 

Laura Cruz-Castro & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

Labour markets for research are changing and the traditional segmentation model of the research labour market where the doctorate was mainly valuable in the academic sector is loosing ground. The paper studies a sample of PhDs and their corresponding employing firms to analyse patterns of mobility, economic returns, and innovation outputs. Qualitative and quantitative indicators are combined to tackle two sets of general questions: The first relates to the incentives for doctorate holders to pursue a company career versus an academic career. The second concerns...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-06
Autores: 

Francisco Javier Moreno Fuentes

The underground economy represents a significant percentage of the Spanish economy, and the employment of undocumented migrants constitutes a large share of its supply of labour. This fact has functioned as an important pulling effect for the arrival of migrants into Spain over the last two decades, but especially during the last five years. Within their general strategy to fight against the underground economy, Spanish authorities have periodically used regularisation of undocumented migrants as a mechanism for emerging the irregular employment. In this vein, a...

Mayo 2005

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-05
Autores: 

Luis Moreno & Nicola McEwen

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-04
Autores: 

Francisco Herreros

In modern political science, repeated elections are considered as the main mechanism of electoral accountability in democracies. More rarely, elections are considered as ways to select “good types” of politicians. In this article it is argued that historical republican authors interpreted elections in this last sense. They view elections as a means to select what they often called the “natural aristocracy”, virtuous political leaders that would pursue the common good. This argument is presented in three steps. First, it is claimed that republican authors did not...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-03
Autores: 

Eloísa del Pino

En los últimos años parece que las presiones para la reforma del Estado de Bienestar están siendo más insistentes que una opinión pública hasta ahora opuesta a cualquier tipo de recorte de los programas sociales. Algunos estudios sugieren que los gobiernos parecen haber aprendido como esquivar la resistencia de los ciudadanos a las reformas aprovechando un supuesto cambio en sus actitudes durante los últimos años. Con esta hipótesis de cambio en las actitudes ciudadanas se exploran en este trabajo las preferencias de los españoles hacia el proceso y los...

Febrero 2005

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2005-02
Autores: 

Luis Moreno

At the beginning of the 21 st century, national state identities are openly questioned and have become problematic. While being corroded by the forces of globalization they are also subject to fragmentation, competition and overlapping elements of a multiple and diverse nature. In parallel, there is a noticeable strengthening of sub- and supra-state identities. The revival of ethnoterritorial identities has coincided with an increasing challenge to the centralist model of the unitary state. In plural polities,...

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