Documentos de trabajo

2017 (4) | 2016 (4) | 2015 (13) | 2014 (2) | 2013 (3) | 2011 (10) | 2010 (19) | 2007 (8) | 2006 (16) | 2005 (12) | 2004 (15) | 2003 (16) | 2002 (32) | 2001 (15) | 2000 (20) | 1999 (12) | 1998 (16) | 1997 (6) | 1996 (2) | 1995 (2) | 1994 (3) | 1993 (5) | 1992 (6) | 1991 (2)

Octubre 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-15
Autores: 

David Encaoua, Dominique Guellec & Catalina Martínez

La teoría económica, al considerar que las patentes son instrumentos de política pública para fomentar la innovación y la difusión de la tecnología, conduce principalmente a tres conclusiones. En primer lugar, las patentes no tienen por qué ser siempre el medio de protección más eficaz para que los inventores recuperen sus inversiones en I+D, sobre todo cuando la imitación es costosa y ser el primero en lanzar un producto al mercado genera ganancias importantes. En segundo lugar, los requisitos de novedad y altura inventiva para la concesión de patentes deberían aplicarse de forma estricta...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-14
Autores: 

Koen Jonkers & Laura Cruz Castro

This paper analyses the emergence of public sector international joint laboratories as an increasingly important new phenomenon in the internationalisation of public sector research. Using a survey and interview-based qualitative methodology, it explores the trends in the establishment of such labs, the aims for which they are established and the extent to which these aims are met. We find a considerable degree of organisational diversity among them in terms of size, structure, resources and legal status. Since the French...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-13
Autores: 

Zaida Chinchilla-Rodríguez, Elena Corera-Álvarez, Félix De Moya-Anegón & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar los resultados de investigación atribuidos a España en las bases de datos internacionales hasta 2008. Se compara la evolución entre los totales de publicaciones recogidas en la WoS y en Scopus, y se posiciona a España con relación a otros países; también se analizan algunos aspectos relativos a su especialización temática, visibilidad relativa de los diversos sectores institucionales y diferenciación de las Comunidades Autónomas.

Septiembre 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-12
Autores: 

Vincenzo Pavone & Flor Arias

In the last decade, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis and screening (PGD; PGS) have become widely used in IVF treatments: in 2005 nearly 6000 PGD/PGS (5 per cent of all IVF cycles) had been performed in Europe. The diffusion of these technologies, however, is not homogenous; whilst in some countries PGD is prohibited and in others is hardly implemented, Spain performs 33 per cent of all the PGD/PGS (ESHRE 2007). While policy guidelines and mainstream bioethics addresses PGD from a patient choice perspective (ten Have 2001, Zeiler 2004, ESHRE 2005), disability studies insist on PGD’s...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-11
Autores: 

Vincenzo Pavone, Joanna Goven & Riccardo Guarino

Purpose: Over the past twenty years, GMOs have raised enormous expectations, passionate political controversies, and an on-going debate on how should these technologies be assessed. Current risk-assessment procedures generally assess GMOs in terms of their potential risk of negatively affecting human health and the environment. Yet, is this risk-benefit approach appropriate to a deliver a robust assessment of GMOs? In this paper, we question the validity of current risk-assessment from both a social and an ecological perspective, and we elaborate an alternative approach, namely in-context...

Agosto 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-10
Autores: 

Carmen Osuna, Laura Cruz Castro & Luis Sanz Menéndez

In 1989 the Spanish Government established an individual retrospective research evaluation system (RES) for public researchers. This system was voluntary but involved the incentive of a permanent salary bonus. Policy makers have associated the establishment of this evaluation system with the signifi cant increase in the volume of scientifi c publications attributed to Spain over the last decades. In a similar vein to the analyses of other country cases, some scholars have also claimed that the growth of Spain’s international scientifi c publications is a result...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-09
Autores: 

Catalina Martínez, Laura Cruz Castro & Luis Sanz Menéndez

El trabajo aborda el estudio de los procesos de adaptación de los centros de investigación a los cambios en su entorno, que resultan de las nuevas políticas de I+D de los gobiernos, así como de la emergencia de nuevos tipos de centros de investigación que se reconocen como legítimos. Partiendo de datos cuantitativos sobre fuentes de financiación e información cualitativa sobre centros de investigación, este estudio analiza los cambios experimentados por dos poblaciones de centros de investigación españoles (los institutos del CSIC y los centros tecnológicos),...

Junio 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-08
Autores: 

Carlos Closa

During the last years, several subjects have advanced claims for developing within the EU specific elements of what is often referred to as policies of memory. Whilst this trend could be perceived as one more instance of transference of domestic issues to the EU level, the distinctive trait of these claims is that claims on memory are associated both to justice and identity and, hence, they appeal to an underlying structure of normative justification. This paper examines these claims and discusses the normative argument supporting them. The argument revises, firstly, what are the policies...

Mayo 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-07
Autores: 

Eloísa del Pino & César Colino

Democracy in Spain is embedded in a typical configuration of institutional elements characteristic of the Spanish state organization and culture that have been determined by its particular political history, but are comparable to other European states. However, it is not easy to categorize Spain clearly into a single state tradition model. Recent transformations have meant a complete redistribution of power and a rescaling of the traditional Spanish state institutions. The Spanish model of subnational democracy has evolved parallel to the consolidation of the first successful experience of...

Abril 2010

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2010-06
Autores: 

Catalina Martínez & Ruth Rama

Using a sample of 59 major European food and beverage multinationals and their 8,432 subsidiaries worldwide, we study the characteristics and evolution over time of their inventions. In doing so, we analyse: i) 8,626 EPO applications filed by these companies between 1978 and 2005; ii) 3,650 US patents they applied for between 1978 and 2001; iii) more than 2,000 patent families of three different kinds; and iv) the location of their R&D entres of excellence. We find that the internationalisation of invention is in reality chiefly a European phenomenon for these companies, which also...

Páginas