Documentos de trabajo

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Noviembre 2015

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2015-11
Autores: 

Manuel Pereira-Puga & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

En este trabajo se analiza el apoyo de la ciudadanía española a la investigación científica y tecnológica desde dos perspectivas distintas. Por un lado, se estudia qué aspectos se asocian con opinar que el sector de la Investigación y el Desarrollo (I+D) debería convertirse en uno de los más importantes en la economía española del futuro. Y, por el otro, cuáles se relacionan con abogar por un aumento del gasto público en el mismo.

Los datos para el análisis proceden de la VII Encuesta de Percepción Social de la Ciencia y la Tecnología de la FECYT, realizada en 2014. Los resultados...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2015-10
Autores: 

Catalina Martínez, Laura Cruz-Castro & Luis Sanz-Menéndez

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a public programme intended to improve innovation capabilities in the private sector by subsidizing the hiring of R&D personnel. Using information from the programme management database, we study factors associated with the duration of contracts and their transformation into open-ended contracts, a basic aim of the programme. We explore the characteristics of subsidies, individuals, entities and projects related to the eventual stabilization of the new R&D employees, when the subsidies had ended. The programme was found to strengthen R&...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2015-09
Autores: 

Alejandro Caparrós & Jean-Christophe Péreau

We discuss a model of gradual coalition formation with positive externalities in which a leading country endogenously decides whether to negotiate multilaterally or sequentially over climate change. We show that the leader may choose a sequential path, and that the choice is determined by the convexity of the TU-game and the free-rider payoffs of the followers. Except in a few clearly defined cases, the outcome of the negotiation process is always the grand coalition, although the process may need some time. This holds for the standard IEA game with heterogeneous players even if the grand...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2015-08
Autores: 

Alejandro Caparrós, Pablo Campos, José L. Oviedo, Paola Ovando, Begoña Álvarez-Farizo, Luis Díaz-Balteiro, Gregorio Montero, Juan Carranza, Santiago Beguería, Mario Díaz, Casimiro Herruzo, Fernando Martínez-Peña, Mario Soliño, Alejandro Álvarez, María Martínez Jáuregui, María Pasalodos-Tato, Pablo de Frutos, Jorge Aldea, Eloy Almazán, Elena D. Concepción, Bruno Mesa, Carlos Romero, Roberto Serrano-Notivoli, Cristina Fernández, Jerónimo Torres-Porras

En esta investigación se presenta en primer lugar la metodología aplicada en RECAMAN, que incluye el sistema de cuentas agroforestales simplificado (se omiten las actividades animales y agrícolas), el método de valor de cambio simulado y los métodos de valoración empleados para cada una de las actividades consideradas.

El sistema de contabilidad de los ecosistemas presentado amplía el concepto de proceso productivo manufacturado admitido por el actual sistema de cuentas nacionales, al incorporar los procesos productivos naturales de las actividades públicas y las ganancias de...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2015-07
Autores: 

Luis Moreno

Some weeks after the referendum on independence was held in Scotland, Catalonia’s institutions of self-­government promoted the celebration of a similar consultation. Despite that it was declared illegal by the Spanish Constitutional Court, the Catalan Generalitat went ahead with the idea of organizing a public consult, which finally took place ‘informally’ on November 9. A majority of 80 per cent of those who participated in the consult voted for secession (‘Yes’ to both submitted questions to the electorate on self-­dtermination).Turnout was around 37 per cent of the registered voters...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2015-06
Autores: 

Pablo Campos, Paola Ovando, Bruno Mesa & Jose L. Oviedo

La renta ambiental representa la contribución natural de los ecosistemas a los valores de los productos que aportan sus múltiples actividades económicas. La estimación de la renta ambiental se realiza para cada uno de los activos ambientales de los ecosistemas, siendo el consumo por los animales del pasto natural la fuente de una de sus rentas ambientales. La actividad silvopascícola ha dado origen a la rica variedad genética animal y cultural de la ganadería extensiva en los ecosistemas agroforestales mediterráneos. La ganadería extensiva añade, a su oferta de bienes y servicios...

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2015-05
Autores: 

Paola Ovando, Alejandro Caparros, Luis Díaz-Balteiro, María Pasalodos, Santiago Beguería, José L. Oviedo, Gregorio Montero & Pablo Campos

We develop a model that estimates spatially-allocated environmental asset values for the simultaneous provision of seven ecosystem services. We examine the effect of heterogeneous spatial and economic factors on the environmental asset figures, at the same time we identify potential forestry abandonment problems when continuing with forestry activity is unprofitable for the landowner. Our results show a relevant spatial variability that depends on heterogeneous biophysical factors, such as forest species distribution and structure. We examine the likely trade-offs between forestry...

Junio 2015

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2015-04
Autores: 

Jose L. Oviedo, Alejandro Caparrós, Itziar Ruiz-Gauna & Pablo Campos

We perform two convergent validity tests in a choice experiment applied to public recreation in Stone pine and Cork oak forests in Spain. We compare choice and ranking recoded as a choice in an experiment with three alternatives plus status quo. Our results show convergent validity for both structural models and willingness to pay estimates. The same experiment includes two payment-vehicles, an entrance-fee to access the forest and an increase in trip-expenditures due to an increase in gas prices, simultaneously in the choice sets. We obtain significant differences in willingness to pay...

Mayo 2015

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2015-03
Autores: 

Desiderio Romero-Jordán, Pablo Del Río & Cristina Peñasco

The deep economic crisis and the sharp rise in electricity prices have had a strong effect on electricity demand by Spanish households. This paper aims to analyse the responsiveness of household electricity demand and the welfare effects related to both factors in the 2006-2012 period. The results show that the electricity consumption of medium-high income households is particularly responsive to price increases, whereas that of medium-low income households is more responsive to changes in income. The retail electricity price increases and the economic crisis have led to generally lower...

Marzo 2015

Referencia: 
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2015-02
Autores: 

José L. Oviedo, Lynn Huntsinger & Pablo Campos

We integrate data from commercial operations, non-market private amenities and capital gains to measure landowner income and profitability in six oak woodland case studies from Spain and California. Results show that private amenities make the greatest contribution to landowner income, while commercial benefits alone fall short of explaining land prices. We also estimate landowner self-employed labor income, but its contribution is marginal. Total real profitability ranges from 3.2 to 7.8% in the Spanish cases and from 6.0 to 9.3% in the California cases, showing that these oak woodlands...

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