Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2013-02
Stéphane Maraut & Catalina Martínez
The aim of this paper is to describe a matching and disambiguation methodology for the identification of author-inventors located in the same country. It aims to maximize precision and recall rates by taking into account national name writing customs in the name matching stage and by including a recursive validation step in the person disambiguation stage. An application to the identification of Spanish author-inventors is described in detail, where all SCOPUS 2003-2008 publications of Spanish authors are matched to all 1978-2009 EPO applications with Spanish inventors. Using this data, we...
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2013-01
Luis Sanz-Menéndez, Gregg Van Ryzin & Eloísa Del Pino
This paper analyses public support for government spending on science and technology (S&T) and its determinants. It constructs hypotheses based on previous findings from two streams of research: public preferences for government spending and public understanding of science. Using data from a large national survey in Spain, it develops multivariate models to test the relevance of various predictors of public support for government spending on S&T. Findings identify several variables that are clear and consistent predictors of public support for government spending on science and...
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2011-10
Jose L. Oviedo, Lynn Huntsinger, Pablo Campos & Alejandro Caparrós
A contingent valuation technique was applied to a 2004 sample of oak woodland landowners in California to assess its usefulness in estimating the non-market income and land price value of oak woodland properties. Non-market benefits have long been considered an important influence on rangeland landowners, but beyond comparing market production and land price, few studies have attempted to place a monetary value on them. Landowners were asked to estimate the maximum amount of earnings that they were willing to forgo before selling their property to invest in more commercially profitable non...
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2011-09
David H. Corrochano
This paper defining the causes which underlie a public policy: Forum for immigrant participation. Little is known about the specific motivations which lead different governments’ decisions to institute such policies. This process cannot only refer to the theoretical objectives, but must consider the context in which certain Governments are brought to implement such policies while others do not. Hear submits a comparative analysis of 15 regional Immigration Forums in Spain. The aim is to verify that their creation responds to three variables: institutional isomorphism, response to demand...
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2011-08
Philip Brownsey, Jose L. Oviedo, Lynn Huntsinger & Barbara Allen-Diaz
Much has been made of the low returns on investment for western rangeland ranching. However, little work has been done to empirically compare these returns to the return that would be demanded by financial markets from assets with similar risk and return characteristics. This study uses historical forage productivity data from three locations in California’s Mediterranean rangelands to simulate financial statements for three hypothetical cow-calf ranches and measures the variability in return on investment from year to year. This performance is then compared to the actual performance of a...
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2011-07
David H. Corrochano
España es un modelo de transición negociada, donde el cambio pacífico fue priorizado frente a la justicia transicional. Pero en el año 2000, las políticas de memoria se situaron en la agenda política. Esto provoco un reframing del pasado generador de conflicto. ¿Por qué y cómo se dio este proceso? Este artículo plantea que se relaciona con los intereses electorales, ideologías y búsqueda de impunidad de los partidos. Por un lado, estas variables explican las diferentes estrategias, códigos y argumentos que incentivaron situar el tema en la agenda. Pero por otro, también están relacionadas...
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2011-05
Since the 1980’s Spain has developed an ambitious road building programme with the construction of approximately 12,000 kilometres of new motorways. This article analysis the factors related to the placement of these new motorways during two distinct planning periods from 1983 to 1993 and 1994 to 2004.
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper 2011-04
Luis Moreno, Inés Calzada & Francisco Javier Moreno-Fuentes
While welfare research on historical and institutional trajectories has been carried out extensively in recent decades, less attention has been paid to citizens preferences for social policies. On analysing welfare provision the self-interest and neo-institutionalist theories have often placed incentives and resources at the core of their explanations. But values can also play a very important role in the support and shaping of welfare arrangements. This article explores how values are present in European populations and to what extent variation can be related to the geographical...
Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2011-03
Europeanization implies that policies are to be shaped by considerations which go beyond the formal sovereignty of EU’s member states. Claims for autonomy within the EU have been put forward not only by ‘stateless’ nations within plural and compound states, but also by regions demanding self-government. More often than not, meso-governments do not need par force the rationalising intervention of state central bureaucracies and elites. Autonomous regions enjoy additional economic and political security offered by the European Union and are gradually accommodated in a post-sovereignty era of...